January in history
Csaba Horv?th was born in Szolnok, Hungary. Whilst working at Yale University, in the US, Horv?th built the first high-pressure liquid chromatography unit for the separation of biological substances. Horv?th remained at Yale until his death last year.
Isaac Asimov was born in Russia. Asimov was a prolific writer of science fiction and popular science, but in fact has works in every major category of the Dewey decimal system except philosophy. Asimov died in 1992, after contracting HIV from an infected blood transfusion.
Aristid Grosse born, Russia. Grosse grew up in Japan and studied in Germany where he developed two methods for isolating protactinium. After moving to the US he discovered that minute traces of tritium oxide (T2O) are present in naturally occurring water.
Ernest Rutherford’s paper that introduced the concept of radioactive half-life was published in the Philosophical Magazine. This work brought Rutherford world attention and in 1908 he was awarded the Nobel prize in chemistry.
French chemist Pierre-Jean Robiquet was born. Robiquet and Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin isolated the first amino acid, asparagine, from asparagus. Robiquet also discovered the cough suppressant and analgesic, codeine, which he isolated from opium.